Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences
Faculty Profiles

National University of Singapore
10 Kent Ridge Crescent, Singapore 119260

Appointment: PROFESSOR
Office: AS3/05-17
Email: philar@nus.edu.sg
Tel: 6516 3485
Homepage: http://profile.nus.edu.sg/fass/philar/
| Publications

Publications Top


  • Divination and Prediction in Early China and Ancient Greece. Cambridge University Press. In press.
  • 1998 Sharing the Light: Representations of Women and Virtue in Early China. State University of New York Press.
  • 1992 Knowing Words: Wisdom and Cunning in the Classical Traditions of China and Greece. Cornell University Press.


  • 2012 (as Rui Li 瑞麗) 中國,希臘與羅馬的懷疑論與占卜 [Skepticism and Divination in China, Greece and Rome; Critiques de la divination dans la Chine ancienne et dans le monde romain], trans. Sun Zhuo, Sinologie française 14 [古罗马和秦汉中国 : 风马牛不相及乎 Rome-Han: comparer l’incomparable, eds. Marianne Bujard and Marc Kalinowski] (2009): 287-301.
  • 2011 “On Mirrors of Virtue,” Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 10.3 (2011): 349-357.
  • 2011 “Divination in the Han shu Bibliographic Treatise,” Early China 32 (2008-2009): 45-102.
  • 2011 “Divination and Autonomy: New Perspectives from Excavated Texts,” Journal of Chinese Philosophy Supplement to Volume 37 (2010): 124-141.
  • 2009 “Feminism, Chinese Philosophy and History,” APA Newsletter for the Committee on Asian and Asian American Philosophers and Philosophies. Special section on Asian philosophy and feminism. Fall 2009. Vol. 9.1 (2009): 2-3. Online edition.
  • 2009 “Thirteen Ways of Looking at the Self in Early China,” History of Philosophy Quarterly 26.4 (October 2009): 315-336.
  • 1994 “Skeptical Strategies in the Zhuangzi and Theaetetus." Philosophy East & West 44:3 (July 1994): 501-26.

    1996 reprint in Essays on Skepticism, Relativism and Ethics in the Zhuangzi, eds. P.J. Ivanhoe and Paul Kjellberg. State University of New York Press: 1994: 26-49.

    2009 translation (as Rui Li 瑞麗), 《庄子》和《泰阿泰德篇》中的怀疑策略, trans. Chai Jie, in Yingyu Shijie Zhong de Zhongguo Zhexue 英语 世界中的中国哲学 [Chinese Philosophy in the Anglophone World], ed. Jiang Xinyan. Beijing: Renmin University Press: 375-404.
  • 2005 “Divination and Medicine in China and Greece: A Comparative Perspective on the Baoshan Illness Divinations,” East Asian Science, Technology and Medicine 23 (2005): 26-53.
  • 2004 “Extrême-Orient, Extrême-Occident: Reflections on Twenty Years of Comparative Scholarship,” Newsletter of the International Institute for Asian Studies (IIAS, Leiden) 35 (November 2004): 29.
  • 2003 "Fate, Fortune, Chance and Luck in Chinese and Greek: A Comparative Semantic History." Philosophy East & West 53.4: 537-74.
  • 2002 “Gender and Virtue in Greece and China,” Journal of Chinese Philosophy 29.3 (September 2002): 415-36.
  • 2002 “A 'Chinese Eratosthenes' Reconsidered: Chinese and Greek Calculations and Categories,” East Asian Science, Technology and Medicine 19 (2002): 10-61.
  • 2001 “Arguments by Women in Early Chinese Texts,” Nan Nü 3.2 (2001): 157-195.
  • 1998 “The Treatment of Women in a Second-Century Medical Casebook,” Chinese Science 15 (1998): 7-28.
  • 1969 Barker, Jane E., Mary Ann Keenan, and Lisa Raphals, “Development of the Mouse Hematopoietic System II: Estimation of Spleen and Liver `Stem’ Cell Number,” Journal of Cellular Physiology 74.1 (August 1969): 51-55.


  • “Daoism and Science,” in Dao: Companion to Daoist Philosophy, ed. Liu Xiaogan. Springer. In press.

    “Daoism and Greek Philosophy,” in Dao: Companion to Daoist Philosophy, ed. Liu Xiaogan. Springer. In press.

    “Comparative Reflections on Embodied Virtue, Performance and Competition in China and Greece,” in From Athens to Beijing: East Meets West in the Olympic Games, ed. Susan Brownell. Yale Council on East Asian Studies and Greenworks Press (Athens). In press.

    “Self, Cosmos and Agency in Early China,” in The Intellectual Adventure of Ancient Man Revisited [tentative title], ed. Kurt Raaflaub. University of Chicago Press. In press.
  • 2012 “How the History of Women in Early China Intersects with the History of Science in Early China,” in Overt and Covert Treasures: Essays on the Sources for Chinese Women’s History, ed. Clara Wing-Chung Ho. Chinese University of Hong Kong Press: 35-58.

    2012 “Embodied Virtue: Performance, Competition and Longevity in China and Greece," in Perfect Bodies: Sports, Medicine and Immortality, ed. Vivienne Lo. London: British Museum Research Publication 188: 21-29.
  • 2011 “The Ethics of Prediction,” in How should one live? Comparing ethics in ancient China and Greco-Roman antiquity, eds. R.A.H. King and D. Schilling. De Gruyter: 278-303.

    2011 “Ethics, Self-Cultivation and Embodied Virtue,” in Ethics in Early China: Essays in Honor of Chad Hansen, eds. C. Fraser, D. Robins, and T. O’Leary. Hong Kong University Press: 119-132.

    2009 “En la intersección entre Poder y Predicción: Aspectos sobre la Adivinación en China y Grecia antiguas" [On the Intersection of Power and Prediction: Aspects of Divination in Early China and Greece], trans. Alicia Eleta Relinque, in La construcción del poder en la China antigua [The Construction of Power in Ancient China]. University of Granada Press: 109-140.

    2006 “Daoism and Animals” (with E.N. Anderson), in A Communion of Subjects: Animals in Religion and Ethics, eds. P. Waldau and K. Patton. Oxford University Press: 275-292.

    2005 “Languages of Fate: Semantic Fields in Chinese and Greek,” in Heaven's Will and Life's Lot: Destiny and Determinism in Chinese Culture, ed. C. Lupke. State University of New York Press: 70-106.

    2005 “The Boundaries of 'Humanity' in Comparative Perspective: Cordwainer Smith and the Soushenji,” in World Weavers: Globalization, Science Fiction, and the Cybernetic Revolution, eds. K. Y. Wong, G. Westfahl and A. K. S. Chan. Hong Kong University Press: 142-156.

    2005 “Craft Analogies in Chinese and Greek Argumentation,” in Literature, Religion, and East-West Comparison: Essays in Honor of Anthony C. Yu, ed. E. Ziolkowski. University of Delaware Press: 181-201.

    2004 “Notes on the Baoshan Medical Manuscripts,” in Studies on Recently-Discovered Chinese Manuscripts (Xinchu jianbo yanjiu 新出簡帛研究), eds. S. Allen and Xing Wen. Beijing: Wenwu chubanshe: 388-408.

    2004 “Reflections on Filiality, Nature, and Nurture,” in Xiao: the Nature and Practice of Filial Piety in the Chinese Tradition, ed. A. K.-L. Chan. RoutledgeCurzon: 215-225.

    2002 “Fatalism, Fate and Stratagem in China and Greece,” in Early China, Ancient Greece: Thinking Through Comparisons, eds. S. Shankman and S. W. Durrant. State University of New York Press: 207-234.

    2002 “A Woman Who Understood the Rites,” in Essays on the Analects of Confucius, ed. B. W. Van Norden. Oxford University Press: 275-302.

    2001 “Metic Intelligence or Responsible Non-action?: Further Reflections on the Zhuangzi, Daode jing and Nei ye,” in Daoism and Ecology: Ways Within a Cosmic Landscape, eds. N. Girardot, J. Miller and Liu Xiaogan. Harvard University Press for Center for World Religions, Harvard Divinity School: 305-314.

    2000 “Gendered Virtue Reconsidered: Notes from the Warring States and Han,” in The Sage and the Second Sex, ed. Li Chenyang. Open Court: 223-247.

    1998 “On Hui Shi,” in Free and Easy Wandering through the Zhuangzi, ed. R. T. Ames. State University of New York Press: 143-161.


  • 2009 Cognitive Variations: Reflections on the Unity and Diversity of the Human Mind. G.E.R. Lloyd. History of the Human Sciences 22.4: 126-131.

    2000 Feature review of Science and Civilization in China. Volume 7 Part 1. Logic and Language. By Christoph Harbsmeier (Cambridge, 1998). China Review International 7.1 (Spring): 46-55.

    1993 "Reason, Spontaneity, and Awareness: A.C. Graham's Account of the Roots of Logic and Moral Action." Feature review of A.C. Graham's Disputers of the Tao: Philosophical Argument in Ancient China and Unreason Within Reason: Essays on the Outskirts of Rationality (LaSalle: Open Court 1989, 1992). Taoist Resources 4.2 (December): 53-60.
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